The civilisation's cities were noted for their urban planning , baked brick houses, elaborate drainage systems, water supply systems, clusters of large non-residential buildings, and new techniques in handicraft carnelian products, seal carving and metallurgy copper , bronze , lead, and tin. Gradual drying of the region's soil during the 3rd millennium BCE may have been the initial spur for the urbanisation associated with the civilisation, but eventually weaker monsoons and reduced water supply caused the civilisation's demise, and to scatter its population eastward and southward. The Indus civilisation is also known as the Harappan Civilisation , after its type site , Harappa, the first of its sites to be excavated early in the 20th century in what was then the Punjab province of British India and now is Pakistan. By , over 1, Mature Harappan cities and settlements had been reported, of which just under a hundred had been excavated. The Harappan language is not directly attested, and its affiliation uncertain as the Indus script has remained undeciphered. The Indus Valley Civilisation is named after the Indus river system in whose alluvial plains the early sites of the civilisation were identified and excavated.
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10 Middle Eastern women who totally crushed it in 2017
The last 12 months have offered a mixed bag of events, with political instability and heartbreaking atrocities occurring around the world. However also gave us much to celebrate, particularly in the Middle East. From the lifting of the driving ban on women in Saudi Arabia to an extension on public sector maternity leave here in the UAE, the last year has been brimming with landmark moves in the realm of female empowerment. Alhumedhi, a year-old Saudi schoolgirl who now lives in Vienna, pitched the idea for a headscarf-wearing icon to the Unicode Consortium — the company in charge of introducing the cartoonish images to the market — in
Rasha Allam. Media has a powerful effect on people, who subconsciously adopt and internalize attitudes, beliefs, and values presented graphically or textually. People are unaware of how much they are manipulated by the glamorous or subtle messages conveyed through a variety of media. Television, movies, magazines, newspapers, and radio advertisements are trying to sell people various products, and people also buy into — perhaps without fully realizing it — beliefs and attitudes that govern their lives, as well as their way of thinking. Newspapers, television, and radio carry a variety of messages and views on issues that affect women and their portrayal.