How do children with autism differ from those without the disorder? Social behaviors, mostly - things like avoiding eye contact or ignoring tone of voice. But recent research has shed light on a more subtle difference - facial features. Scientists at the University of Missouri found that children with autism share certain facial features that distinguish them from other children.
FAS Facial Features
Try out PMC Labs and tell us what you think. Learn More. Classic facial characteristics of fetal alcohol syndrome FAS are shortened palpebral fissures, smooth philtrum, and thin upper vermillion. We aim to help pediatricians detect facial dysmorphism across the fetal alcohol spectrum, especially among nonsyndromal heavily exposed HE individuals without classic facial characteristics. Of Cape Coloured children recruited, 69 were born to women who reported abstaining from alcohol during pregnancy. We used dense surface modeling and signature analyses of 3-dimensional facial photographs to determine agreement between clinical categorization and classifications induced from face shape alone, to visualize facial differences, and to consider predictive links between face shape and neurobehavior. Face classification achieved significant agreement with clinical categories for discrimination of nonexposed from FAS alone face: 0.
Facial Dysmorphism Across the Fetal Alcohol Spectrum
Freeman-Sheldon syndrome is a condition that primarily affects the face, hands, and feet. People with this disorder have a distinctive facial appearance including a small mouth microstomia with pursed lips, giving the appearance of a "whistling face. People with Freeman-Sheldon syndrome may also have a prominent forehead and brow ridges, a sunken appearance of the middle of the face midface hypoplasia , a short nose , a long area between the nose and mouth philtrum , deep folds in the skin between the nose and lips nasolabial folds , full cheeks , and a chin dimple shaped like an "H" or "V". Affected individuals may have a number of abnormalities that affect the eyes. These may include widely spaced eyes hypertelorism , deep-set eyes , outside corners of the eyes that point downward down-slanting palpebral fissures , a narrowing of the eye opening blepharophimosis , droopy eyelids ptosis , and eyes that do not look in the same direction strabismus.
Full version. Morphing of faces. Average faces. Reformed facial shapes. Characteristics of beautiful faces.