Tatiana Golikova, deputy prime minister for social policy, recently spoke out in favor of informing teenagers about methods of contraception—an unexpected move, given the conservative trend of recent years. Image cedit: Kremlin. In the post-Soviet decades, the emergence of a market economy, the availability of modern contraceptive methods, and increased knowledge about contraception have all contributed to improving sexual culture. The number of abortions has decreased significantly and would have declined even more rapidly were it not for certain issues, among them the absence of a system of sex education. Victoria Sakevich , a Russian demographer, discusses the abortion dynamic in Russia in recent decades in an interview with Maria Lipman , comparing it with abortion rates in other countries.
Improvements in Contraception Are Reducing Historically High Abortion Rates in Russia
Putin Orders Government to Improve Abortion Prevention Efforts - The Moscow Times
Like many Communist or post-Communist nations, Russia has one of the highest abortion rates in the world. These rates have created a legacy of significant medical problems. Complications from abortion are the cause of more than one in four maternal deaths in Russia. Overall, two in three Russian women aborting their pregnancies suffer health complications as a result of the procedure, further stressing the overburdened Russian health care system. Abortion has also led to high rates of secondary sterility in Russia; an estimated one in ten women is left sterile by the procedure.
Denying Women Abortion Access in Moscow
Abortion in Russia is legal as an elective procedure up to the 12th week of pregnancy , and in special circumstances at later stages. Russia had the highest number of abortions per woman of child-bearing age in the world according to UN data as of Abortion was illegal in the Russian Empire.
Both reasons seem designed to appeal to Putin, who, despite a growing alliance with the church — which critics say he uses as an extension of his administration — has yet to speak out about the abortion debate gripping the country. But he may soon be obliged to take a stand. That permits them to present their petition to the State Duma, or lower house of parliament, and then, if it gains a majority there — which seems likely — to the upper house and eventually Putin himself.