History of swimwear
Pin by Tina Horn on Poolside | Pool fashion, Bikini pool, Swimwear shoot
A bikini is a women's two-piece swimsuit featuring two triangles of fabric on top that cover the woman's breasts , and two triangles of fabric on the bottom: the front covering the pelvis but exposing the navel , and the back covering the buttocks. In May , Parisian fashion designer Jacques Heim released a two-piece swimsuit design that he named the Atome 'Atom' and advertised as "the smallest swimsuit in the world". No runway model would wear it, so he hired a nude dancer from the Casino de Paris named Micheline Bernardini to model it at a review of swimsuit fashions. Due to its revealing design, the bikini was considered controversial, facing opposition from a number of groups and being accepted only very slowly by the general public. In many countries, the design was banned from beaches and other public places: in , France banned the bikini from being worn on its coastlines; Germany banned the bikini from public swimming pools until the s, and some communist groups condemned the bikini as a "capitalist decadence". Despite this backlash, however, the bikini still sold well throughout the early to later 20th century, albeit discreetly. The bikini gained increased exposure and acceptance as film stars like Brigitte Bardot , Raquel Welch , and Ursula Andress wore them and were photographed on public beaches and seen in film.
History of swimwear traces the changes in the styles of men's and women's swimwear over time and between cultures, and touches on the social, religious and legal attitudes to swimming and swimwear. In classical antiquity and in most cultures, swimming was either in the nude or the swimmer would merely strip to their underwear. In the Renaissance , swimming was strongly discouraged, and into the 18th century swimming was regarded as of doubtful morality, and had to be justified on health grounds. In the Victorian era swimwear was of a style of outer clothing of the time, which were cumbersome and even dangerous in the water, especially in the case of dress-style swimwear for women. Since the early 20th century, swimming came to be regarded as a legitimate leisure activity or pastime and clothing made specifically for swimming became the norm.